Why living donor transplantation?
All patients with kidney failure should consider living donor kidney transplantation as a treatment option. Living donor transplantation is a better option over deceased donor transplantation due to
- Better overall survival,
- No wait time,
- Better kidney quality and
- Emotional attachment with the donor.
Living donor transplantation types
- Living Related Donor Transplants (brother, sister, parents, children)
- Living Unrelated Transplant (spouse, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, friend, co-worker)
- Living Altruistic Donor Transplants (an altruistic kidney donor is a person who donates one of his or her kidneys to a complete stranger)
Donor blood type compatibility
Donor exchange transplants
- Donor exchange transplant continues to increase in US.
- A recipient who has a suitable (family or friend), but an incompatible donor (different blood group or recipient has antibody against the donor) can be considered for donor exchange transplants.
- A similar donor-recipient pair can participate in successful donor exchange transplants
- Donor exchange transplants can be performed within the transplant center or through a national program (National Kidney Registry).
What kidney donors should know?
- Kidney donation has to be altruistic. Altruistic means "well being of others"
- Kidney donors will undergo thorough blood and urine tests for kidney function, liver function, infections, heart tests and X rays.
- Kidney donors should not have major medical problems [chronic infections, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, major organ diseases (kidney, liver, lung, heart, blood or brain)]
- Kidney donors must stay in the hospital for a few days immediately after donation.
- Kidney donors will have some pain immediate after surgery.
- Kidney donors can return to work in 2-6 weeks after donation.